Park River Oak Estates Homeowner's Association


Property Rights and Obligations of Owners

[2.1] Section 1. Owners’ Nonexclusive Easements of Enjoyment. Every Owner shall have a nonexclusive right and easement of enjoyment in and to the Common Areas within the Properties, including ingress and egress to and from his or her Lot, which shall be appurtenant to and shall pass with the tide to every Lot, subject to the following rights and restrictions:



 (a)            The right of the Association to assign, rent, license, lease, charge reasonable admission and other fees for, and to otherwise designate and control the use of any unassigned parking and storage spaces within the Common Area and to charge reasonable admission and other fees or to limit the number of guests of Members who may use any recreational Common Facilities.

(b)            The right of the Association to adopt Association Rules as provided in article III, section 7 hereof, regulating the use and enjoyment of the Properties for the benefit and well-being of the Owners in common, and, in the event of the breach of such rules or any provision of any Governing Document by any Owner or Tenant, to temporarily suspend the voting rights and/or right to use the common facilities, other than roads, by any Owner and/or the Owner’s Tenants and guests, subject to compliance with the due process requirements of article XVI, section 6 hereof.

(c)            The right of the Association, in accordance with its Articles and Bylaws, to borrow money for the purpose of improving the common area and common facilities and in aid thereof to mortgage said property; provided, however, that the rights of any such Mortgagee in said properties shall be subordinate to the rights of the Owners hereunder; and further provided that any such indebtedness shall be considered an expense of the Association for purposes of the Special Assessment provisions of article IV, section 3 hereof.

[2.2] Section 2. Persons Subject to Governing Documents. All present and future Owners, tenants and occupants of Townhouses within the Properties shall be subject to, and shall comply with, each and every provision of the Governing Documents, as the same or any of them shall be amended from time to time, unless a particular provision is specifically restricted in its application to one or more of such classes of persons (i.e., Owners, tenants, invitees, etc.). The acceptance of a deed to any Townhouse, the entering into a lease, sublease or contract of sale with respect to any Townhouse, or the occupancy of any Townhouse shall constitute the consent and agreement of such Owner, tenant or occupant that each and all of the provisions of this Declaration, as the same or any of them may be amended from time to time, shall be binding upon said person and that said person will observe and comply with the Governing Documents.

[2.3] Section 3. Delegation of Use.

(a)            Delegation of Use and Leasing of Townhouses. Any Owner may delegate the Owner’s rights to use and enjoy the Common Area and Common Facilities to members of the Owner’s family or to the Owner’s tenants, lessees or contract purchasers who reside in the Owner’s Townhouse, provided that any rental or lease may only be to a single family for single family residential use and for a term not less than 180 days. During any period when a Townhouse has been rented or leased, the Owner-lessor, his or her family, guests and invitees shall not be entitled to use and enjoy the Common Areas or Common Facilities of the Properties (other than roads), except to the extent reasonably necessary to perform the Owner’s responsibilities as a lessor of the Townhouse, provided that this restriction shall not


apply to an Owner-lessor who is contemporaneously residing in another Townhouse within the Properties.

Any rental or lease of a Townhouse shall be subject to the provisions of the Governing Documents, all of which shall be deemed incorporated by reference in the lease or rental agreement. Each Owner-lessor shall provide any tenant or lessee with a current copy of all Governing Documents and shall be responsible for compliance by the Owner’s tenant or lessee with all of the provisions of the Governing Documents during the lessee’s occupancy and use of the Townhouse.

(b)            Discipline of Lessees; Exercise of Eviction Authority. Subject to subparagraph (c) below, in the event that any tenant or lessee fails to honor the provisions of any Governing Document, the Association shall be entitled to take such corrective action as it deems necessary or appropriate under the circumstances, which may include initiation of an eviction proceeding in accordance with subparagraph (c) below, suspension of the tenant’s privileges to use any recreational Common Facilities, or the imposition of fines and penalties against the Owner or tenant.

Whether or not such right is stated in any rental agreement, every Owner who rents his or her Townhouse automatically grants to the Association the right to determine a tenant’s default under the Governing Documents and of terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant for such default. If the Board takes such eviction action, either in its own name or in the Owner’s name, the Owner shall be responsible for all costs thereof, including reasonable attorney’s fees, and shall reimburse the Association upon demand for the entire amount of such costs. If the Owner refused to make such reimbursement, the sums shall constitute a special Individual Assessment (Article IV, section 4) for which a lien may be imposed against the Owner’s Lot. The Association’s right to maintain an eviction action hereunder is derived from sections 1165 and 374 of the California Code of Civil Procedure and shall only arise if the tenant’s or lessee’s conduct involves damage to or destruction of Common Areas or Common Facilities, or constitutes a nuisance or unreasonable interference with the quiet enjoyment of other residents.

Any fine or penalty levied pursuant to this section 4 shall be considered a Special Individual Assessment as defined in article IV, section 4, below. If a Special Individual Assessment is imposed as a result of the conduct of a renter or lessee, the renter or lessee agrees to be personally obligated for the payment of such assessments in the event the Owner-lessor fails to pay the assessments prior to the delinquency date. This provision, however, shall not be construed to release the Owner from any obligation, including the obligation to pay any duly imposed Special Individual Assessments, for which such Owner would otherwise be responsible. Any lessee charged with a violation of the Governing Documents is entitled to the same notice and hearing rights to which the Owner is entitled as provided in subparagraph (c) below. Any Owner who shall lease his or her Townhouse shall be responsible for assuring compliance by the lessee with the Governing Documents.



(c)            Due Process Requirements for Disciplinary Action. Except for circumstances in which immediate corrective action is necessary to prevent damage or destruction to the Properties or to preserve the rights of quiet enjoyment of other Owners, the Association shall have no right to initiate disciplinary action against an Owner-lessor (or the Owner’s lessee or tenant) on account of the misconduct of the Owner’s lessee or tenant unless and until the following conditions have been satisfied: (i) The Owner has received written notice from the Board, the Association’s property manager detailing the nature of the lessee’s or tenant’s alleged infraction or misconduct and advising the Owner of his or her right to a hearing on the matter in the event the Owner believes that remedial or disciplinary action is unwarranted or unnecessary; (ii) the Owner has been given a reasonable opportunity to take corrective action on a voluntary basis or to appear at a hearing, if one is requested by the Owner; and (iii) the Owner has failed to prevent or correct the tenant’s objectionable actions or misconduct. Any hearing requested hereunder shall be conducted in accordance with article XIV, section 6 hereof.

(d)            Security Deposit. Through its rule-making power, exercised in accordance with article III, section 7 hereof, the Board of Directors is hereby authorized and empowered to establish and implement an Association security deposit procedure to protect the Association, the Common Area and Common Facilities from negligence, damage and/or destruction caused by the tenants, or lessees of any Owner, their families and guests. Said security deposit, if required, shall be payable by the owner and shall be fixed in an amount not to exceed the greater of $250.00 or one month’s Regular Assessment and shall be held by the Association in a separate security deposit fund in the name of the Association. Within two weeks following receipt of notice from the Owner-lessor that the Townhouse is no longer being leased, the Association shall furnish the Owner with an itemized statement indicating the basis for, and the amount of, any security received and the disposition of the security and shall return the remaining portion of the security to the Owner.

(e)            Recoverable Costs and Expenses. In the event of (i) damage to, or destruction of, Common Areas or Common Facilities by a tenant or lessee or the Owner of a leased Townhouse; (ii) the imposition of a fine or penalty against an Owner-lessor as a result of any act or omission of the Owner’s tenant or lessee; or (iii) expenses incurred by the Association in the successful prosecution of an eviction proceeding pursuant to subparagraph (b), above. The Association shall be entitled to apply the security deposit to the Recoverable Costs and Expenses. The Owner-lessor shall thereupon immediately reimburse the security deposit fund in an amount equal to the sums thus applied. Upon termination of the lease and notification to the Association of such termination, the security deposit, or the balance thereof, shall be refunded to the Owner without interest. As a condition to the Association’s right to apply security deposit funds in the manner provided above, the Association must give the Owner-lessor the notice and hearing rights specified in subparagraph (c) above.

[2.4] Section 4. Obligations of Owners. Owners of Lots within the Properties shall be subject to the following:



(a)            Owner’s Duty to Notify Association of Tenants and Contract Purchasers. Each Owner shall notify the secretary of the Association or the Association’s property manager, if any, of the names of any contract purchaser or tenant of the Owner’s Lot. Each Owner, contract purchaser or tenant shall also notify the secretary of the Association of the names of all persons to whom such Owner, contract purchaser or tenant has delegated any rights to use and enjoy the Properties and the relationship that each such person bears to the Owner, contract purchaser or tenant.

(b)            Contract Purchasers. A contract seller of a Lot must delegate his or her voting rights as a Member of the Association and seller’s right to use and enjoy the Common Area and Common Facilities to any contract purchaser in possession of the property subject to the contract of sale. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the contract seller shall remain liable for any default in the payment of Assessments by the contract purchaser until title to the property sold has been transferred to the purchaser.

(c)            Notification Regarding Governing Documents.

(i)                        As more particularly provided in the California Civil Code section 1368, as soon as practicable before transfer of title or the execution of a real property sales contract with respect to any Lot, the Owner thereof must give the prospective purchaser (A) a current copy of the Governing Documents; (B) the Association’s most current financial statement; and (C) a true statement in writing from the Association (“delinquency statement”) as to the amount of any delinquent Assessments, together with information relating to late charges, attorneys’ fees, interest, and reasonable costs of collection which, as of the date the statement is issued, are or may become a lien on the Lot being sold.

(ii)                        The Association shall, within 10 days of the mailing or delivery of a request for the information described in subparagraph (c)(i), above, provide the Owner with a copy of the current Governing Documents, together with the delinquency statement referred to in the immediately preceding paragraph. The Association shall be entitled to impose a fee for providing the Governing Documents and delinquency statement equal to (but not more than) the reasonable cost of preparing and reproducing the requested materials.

(d)            Payment of Assessments and Compliance With Rules. Each Owner shall pay when due each Regular, Special and Special Individual Assessment levied against the Owner and his or her Lot and shall observe, comply with and abide by any and all rules and regulations set forth in, or promulgated by the Association pursuant to, any Governing Document for the purpose of protecting the interests of all Owners or protecting the Common Area and Common Facilities.

(e)            Discharge of Assessment Liens. Each Owner shall promptly discharge any Assessment lien that may hereafter become a charge against his or her Lot.
(f)            Joint Ownership of Lots. In the event of joint ownership of any Lot, the

obligations and liabilities of the multiple Owners under the Governing Documents shall be

joint and several. Without limiting the foregoing, this subparagraph (f) shall apply to all obligations, duties and responsibilities of Owners as set forth in this Declaration, including, without limitation, the payment of all Assessments.

(g)             Prohibition on Avoidance of Obligations. No Owner, by non-use of the Common Area or Common Facilities, abandonment of the Owner’s Lot or otherwise may avoid the burdens and obligations imposed on such Owner by the Governing Documents, including, without limitation, the payment of Assessments levied against the Owner and his or her Lot pursuant to this Declaration.

(h)            Termination of Obligations. Upon the conveyance, sale, assignment or other transfer of a Lot to a new Owner, the transferor-Owner shall not be liable for any Assessments levied with respect to such Lot which become due after the date of recording of the deed evidencing said transfer and, upon such recording, all Association membership rights possessed by the transferor by virtue of the ownership of said Lot shall cease.